Having a cat as a pet is a vastly different experience than with a dog. Apart from dogs having the moniker of being man’s best friend, cats too can make good companions. As their caretakers, we do our best to take care of them and avoid feline diseases.
Even though, you can eventually come to think that they are a highly self-sufficient creature, this is not entirely the case. Though they have a rather independent streak, these felines do depend on their human owners to look out for them. Not doing so can cause them to suffer from feline diseases unnecessarily.
If you have made such a mistake, then today we will provide you with some information to rectify that problem.
Dangerous and Viral Feline Diseases
By being more attentive and more informed, you can pay closer attention to your feline companion and stave off any potential risks.
The article today will delve into some facts about feline diseases that are dangerous and viral.
1. Obesity in Cats
Opposite to what you may think, obesity is a prevalent and detrimental illness to cats. Cat owners must be vigilant and watchful of what their little furry feline is eating as well as how much. It is imperative that a cat maintains a proper weight so that they do not become predisposed to a viral illness. These include liver problems, diabetes and joint pain.
Like any other living thing, a household pet must have the right balance to live a healthy and long life. So, how can you tell if your cat is at the optimal weight?
Well, you can run your hands over its body and if you can detect its ribs and backbone, without pressing too hard, then it is fine. In addition, look for a distinct waist located amid the lower ribs and its hips. If you are viewing from the side, then its tucked tummy should be distinctive also.
Exercise is necessary for a cat. This activity will help to balance its weight. However, if your cat is now obese or suffering from this dangerous feline disease, then cut its food portion by 30%.
2. Vomiting and Diarrhea
It is not uncommon to see cats throwing up. Usually, this is from eating something that disagreed with their stomach. Regardless of that fact, you still do not want to be nonchalant about it. Vomiting is also a sign of certain viral cat diseases associated with an infection.
So if your feline friend is vomiting or has persistent diarrhea then take them to the vet. Get them checked out. Do not sit and wait to see what happens. If your cat is passing bloody or black stools, then this could be because of internal bleeding and must be taken seriously. Get them to a doctor immediately. Just as with a child who has diarrhea, give them increased liquids as well.
3. Fractures and Broken Bones
Your cat will tend to climb over everything and anything. So you never think too much of it when you see them scaling about. However, they can be injured by even doing the simplest leaps. You may be wondering how this is possible. Well, when a cat does not adjust itself to accommodate the landing in time, then they can be injured and suffer from feline diseases.
Touch your cat gently, if it whimpers, or is limping then it might have sustained a fracture or a broken bone. When you become aware of the injury, take them to the vet immediately. Do not delay. Your feline friend will most certainly be in pain.
4. Dental Disease
As you might know, having any injury or bruising in your mouth is not only quite upsetting but very painful. The same goes for any dental diseases in your cat because it would be problematic.
Check for issues such as problems chewing their food or bad breath. The latter could mean that they have gingivitis. It might also be a sign that they are battling digestive problems. Cats too can have tooth problems or mouth ulcers, as with humans.
If you see them pawing at their mouth, get them checked out. They can also have other dental issues like swollen and red gums. Nowadays, there are many types of chew toys and you can get a feline toothbrush to help maintain a healthy dental state for your cat. Invest in them.
5. Kidney Disease
Kidney disease can cause a buildup of toxin in your feline friend. This further limits the amount of waste that is excreted through urine.
Typically, the kidney disease can be a result of cancer, infection, blood pressure, kidney stones or maybe even high exposure to toxins. Cats that are older usually have this problem. To assess whether this is the probable cause of your cat being ill, check for the following symptoms. They include decreased appetite, lethargy, weight loss, diarrhea, and vomiting.
Cats with this ailment may require a kidney transplant or dialysis.
6. Heartworm disease
If you see where your cat is vomiting, have respiratory problems or even coughing it is a possibility that they can have heartworms. But it is not a frequent occurrence for them to be a host. There is not a helpful cure, though this illness can be deadly if your pet does not have a strong immune system to fight it by itself.
Doctors typically recommend that the cat have surgery, but that too is also a risky undertaking. To prevent something like this from happening to your pet, make it a habit of giving them heartworm medication.
Cancer of the lymph system, otherwise known as Lymphosarcoma is a common disease in cats. Usually, it pops up in the chest or intestines. White cats, on the other hand, are also exceedingly susceptible to squamous cell carcinoma.
Symptoms to watch for include trouble urinating, defecating and breathing. Also, look for vomiting, lameness, lethargy, weight loss, sores, swelling, and lumps. If you notice any of these issues, contact your vet immediately and set up an appointment to have your cat checked.
If cancer is found, then the course of treatment may involve immunotherapy, radiation, surgery and/or chemotherapy. An animal doctor that specializes in oncology would conduct these cancer treatments.
8. Infectious Diseases
Not only humans struggle with Infectious Diseases. Cats get them too. Respiratory diseases are more prevalent. Typically, vaccinations are the easiest treatment plan proposed. Nonetheless, your cat can still experience other problems. These can either reveal themselves if your cat begins to have teary eyes, sores in the mouth, fever, cough, sneezing or a runny nose.
Some transmittable feline diseases have other symptoms including dehydration, lethargy bloody diarrhea, and fever.
In view of the fact, that nearly all feline viruses in cats have a tendency to be viral, no immediate treatment is possible. So watch them closely and if the symptoms worsen, contact a vet for medical help. Because if you wait too long, a simple and preventable respiratory issue can kill your feline friend.
9. Urinary Tract Disease
Feline Lower Urinary Tract Disease (FLUTD) is a predominant illness that you will see in many cats. These felines can start to have issues with their urethra and their bladders. This can be the obvious cause if you notice that your little puss is no longer using the litter box as often, or strains to pass even feces or urine.
You may notice that they lick themselves more or overly so, in the genital area. Or if you can get a look, check their urine for the presence of blood. These things are a giveaway for Feline Lower Urinary Tract Disease (FLUTD). At the time that you are detecting these problems, it is imperative that you contact a veterinarian to run tests on your little furry bundle.
Human beings who have had a UTD or UTI can tell you that this is the most untenable illness. It can be quite serious and quite painful. So, it is easy to imagine the suffering that your pet is going through.
Do not let them suffer for long. Call your vet and have them thoroughly checked out because you do not want the issue to become fatal. Your pet’s doctor might run a series of treatments, which may include removing the blockage, pain medication and giving them antibiotics.
Again, this common feline disease can become fatal, if not treated with urgency.
Feline Diseases: The Contagious Killer Disease
Panleukopenia or feline distemper is one to watch for and can affect your cat very quickly. Usually, this highly contagious viral disease is noticeable in newborn kittens. They would contract it from an unvaccinated mother.
This disease typically takes the life of any kitten that contracts it within a matter of days. It spreads rapidly from clothing, litter trays, water bowls, contaminated food, fleas, feces, and bodily fluids. Panleukopenia aggressively attacks the animal’s immune system and badly depreciates the function of the intestinal tract.
The symptoms of this viral feline disease include tail and back leg biting, depression, lethargy, loss of appetite, anemia, malnutrition, dehydration, vomiting, and diarrhea. This is one of the reasons, why it is a matter of urgency when you detect any slight change in your cat’s behavior or health. Get them to a doctor immediately.